# Interpolation types for FEM results on 2D members

## Details of Interpolation types for FEM results on 2D members

• Module code ESA1427
• Software
• SCIA Engineer
• FAQ topic

When visualizing results for 2D members in SCIA Engineer, it is possible to display 4 different views on the same result by selecting one of these options for the 'Location' parameter: 'In centres', ‘In nodes no avg.’, ‘In nodes avg.’ or ‘In nodes avg. on macro’.

When we run the initial FEM calculation, the solver calculates at first the internal forces in the integration points. An integration point is a point within a finite element at which integrals are evaluated numerically. These points are chosen in such a way that the results for a particular integration scheme are the most accurate.

• In nodes no average

The calculated values from the integration points are extrapolated to the nodes of the finite element. In each node are multiple values. If these results differ a lot from each other, we'll see significant colour jumps between adjacent mesh elements. This is an indication that the chosen mesh size might be too large.

• In centres

For every finite element, the mean value of the results in the nodes of that element is calculated. This gives us a mosaic with one averaged value for each finite element. The advantage of this is that it averages the results over the area of the finite element.

•  In nodes average

For every mesh node, the mean value is calculated from all the adjacent finite elements. Because of this, the graphical display is a smooth course of isobands.
This type of results can be used for a single 2D member but should not be used:

• At the transition between 2D members (plates, walls, shells) with different local axes;
• If the result is discontinuous, like the shear force at the place of a line support of a plate. This will 'remove' the peak by averaging a positive and negative value.

• In nodes average on macro

For every mesh node, the mean value is calculated only from the adjacent finite elements which belong to the same 2D member and which have the same directions of their local axes. This resolves the two 'problems' mentioned at the option 'In nodes average'.

The difference between the last two options is further explained below.

'In nodes average on maco' shows us that there is a moment between the blue and red zone that results in a negative and positive peak on it's left and right side.

'In nodes average' calculates the mean value of these peaks resulting in a value near zero. This might give us an incorrect result.